Forecast Discussions mentioning any of "HRRR" "RAP" "RUC13" "RUC" "RR" received at GSD on 12/23/18

National Weather Service Binghamton NY
850 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 .SYNOPSIS... Gusty winds and scattered snow showers or flurries continue tonight. Fairly quiet weather is expected Sunday, but a weak system will likely bring light snow to the region Sunday night through Monday night. && .NEAR TERM /THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/... 852 PM update... Very light lake effect snow continues east-southeast of Lake Ontario tonight. With a shallow boundary layer, ice crystal formation will be a challenge at times overnight. Spotty light freezing drizzle is possible, but coverage will be low. Thick clouds are holding up temperatures this evening, and the latest HRRR guidance is quite a bit warmer than the original forecast. We ran a blend of the previous forecast with the new HRRR to raise minimums slightly Sunday morning. 3 pm update... Main concerns in the near term remain focused on the gusty nw winds and lingering light snow showers/flurries today and tonight...and then the onset of light snow Sunday evening, continuing through Sunday night. Upper level short wave trailing the main synoptic trough that impacted the region yesterday is exiting NY to the east this afternoon. The flow behind the wave continues out of the w/nw with plenty of cold air...850mb temps around -10 to -12C...advecting in and capable of keeping the potential for light lake effect snow showers/flurries into central NY through tonight. The depth of the moisture/boundary layer is only 3-4k ft deep...and barely tapping into the -12 to -18C layer at the there are times when ice crystals are seeding from the top and creating snow, and times when they are not and light freezing drizzle drops out. The dominant precip type will likely be snow through tonight...and be tapering off and lifting to the north as the wind field backs to the w/sw by Sunday morning. The most favorable area for light accumulating snow...around a couple inches...will be Onondaga county into Madison and srn Oneida. Otherwise, most locations will see just a dusting of snow through Sunday morning. Weak ridging aloft combined with dry air and a narrow ridge of high pressure at the surface sliding through the region Sunday will allow for mostly quiet weather during the day. A mid level short wave rotating around a larger synoptic trough will move ewd through the mid Atlantic region and trigger a broad area of light snow through most of central NY and ne PA. As of this afternoon, it looks like another broad area of 1 to 2 inches of snow through early Monday morning. Temperatures will remain steady with highs in the 30s and lows in the 20s tonight through Sunday night. && .SHORT TERM /MONDAY THROUGH TUESDAY/... Surface low develops over the Great Lakes and along an inverted trough that stretches out to the Atlantic. Low slides east and fills on Monday but is still the focus for some light snow into early Tuesday. Amounts and rate of fall will be light, but the temperatures will support a light accumulation. Surface ridge builds on Tuesday but the upper westerly flow continues so expect clouds and a few flurries possible on Christmas Day. && .LONG TERM /TUESDAY NIGHT THROUGH SATURDAY/... Weakening arctic front drops in from the north on Wednesday bring scattered snow showers. However, by early Thursday, high in over New England a a southerly return flow has already dvlpd as an upper ridge builds over the Great Lakes. Ridge is in response to a low bombing over the mid Mississippi valley. Low moves due north bringing building heights over the forecast area and strong warm advection. By early Friday, column has moistened enough for rain to break out from west to east. It may be cold enough at the surface for some freezing rain or even a bit of snow, but strong warm advection continues on Friday bringing another rain event to the area. Heavy rain is possible later on Friday. && .AVIATION /02Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... MVFR and fuel alternate required ceiling restrictions will persist across the region through tonight...with conditions at KAVP going VFR by 12Z. NY terminals will slowly improve to MVFR then VFR by 18-20Z Sunday. Quiet weather through the afternoon Sunday. Winds will remain gusty...west- northwest 11-14 knots with gusts 20-25 knots through this evening, before gradually diminishing overnight. Winds diminish to less than 10 kt after 12Z Sunday and remain light and variable through the day. Outlook... Late Sunday through Monday night...Restrictions likely in a period of light snow, especially Sunday night, as system passes followed by lake effect snow showers for mainly NY terminals. Tuesday through Thursday...Mainly VFR. && .BGM WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... PA...None. NY...None. && $$ SYNOPSIS...BJT NEAR TERM...BJT/DJP SHORT TERM...DGM LONG TERM...DGM AVIATION...BJT/MDP
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Grand Rapids MI
804 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 LATEST UPDATE... Update .SYNOPSIS... Issued at 245 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 - Light snow showers overnight and Sunday - Clipper brings light snow Tuesday - Mixed precip early Thursday changing to rain && .UPDATE... Issued at 802 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 Have added a risk of light freezing drizzle to the fcst for overnight and Sunday morning since the DGZ is mostly unsaturated as scattered precip breaks out ahead/along of the approaching sfc trough. Had a report of freezing drizzle recently at Rockford IL and the latest HRRR is showing a mixture of light snow and light freezing rain/drizzle developing after 03-04Z. && .DISCUSSION...(This evening through next Saturday) Issued at 245 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 No big storms this period. Any snow showers tonight should be light as moisture is shallow and DGZ largely unsaturated. Next chance for any potential impact is Sunday night into Monday morning as weak shortwave trough/clipper could bring an inch or two across the forecast area. Expect light synoptic snows across the northern half of the forecast area Sunday night with lake- enhanced snow showers elsewhere, persisting into Monday morning. This is followed by another period of light snow on Tuesday with a weak shortwave trough damping out as it comes through, along with sfc cold front providing some low level convergence. A more significant precip event could be in the offing for late week as Plains cyclogenesis occurs further west than what we have seen in the past several weeks with the sfc low tracking across central or northern Lower Michigan. Trends are for a later onset of precip...which given the cold and dry sfc high just off to the east...could start off as snow or freezing rain before sfc temps go above freezing Thursday morning. Still plenty of time for this scenario to change before we have a more definite idea on timing and type of precip. && .AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday evening) Issued at 708 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 Widespread MVFR cigs of 1500-2000 ft will continue tonight and Sunday. Freezing drizzle was recently reported at Rockford IL in the vicinity of a sfc trough and that trough comes through MI late tonight and Sunday morning. Have put some freezing drizzle in several of the TAFs as this feature comes through - mainly south and east of GRR. A period of IFR cigs are also expected across this area from roughly 09Z to 15Z Sunday. Light/calm sfc winds will become westerly near 10kts on Sunday after the sfc trough passes through. At that time the light icing threat should end. && .MARINE... Issued at 245 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 Winds and waves may approach Small Craft Advisory on Sunday night into Monday. && .HYDROLOGY... Issued at 1255 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 No hydro concerns are present as rivers remain near to above normal and steady. No significant precipitation is expected through at least the middle of the week allowing for rivers to remain steady if not fall for the next several days. Ice development along rivers also remains minimal as high temperatures stay near and above freezing. && .GRR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... MI...None. LM...None. && $$ UPDATE...Meade SYNOPSIS...Ostuno DISCUSSION...Ostuno AVIATION...Meade HYDROLOGY...Ostuno MARINE...Ostuno
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Lincoln IL
834 PM CST Sat Dec 22 2018 .UPDATE... Issued at 834 PM CST Sat Dec 22 2018 Stratus deck continues to spread across the northwest half of the forecast area this evening, though there are plenty of mid/high clouds south of that as well. Latest HRRR guidance is not very favorable for any substantial clearing, with most areas remaining mostly cloudy through the night. Shortwave moving into northwest Iowa this evening will pass to our north early Sunday, but shouldn`t provide much more than a subtle morning wind shift. Temperatures have not been especially quick to fall, and needed some minor adjustments over the next few hours. However, the overall lows still look reasonable. && .SHORT TERM...(This evening through Sunday) ISSUED AT 330 PM CST Sat Dec 22 2018 21Z/3 pm surface map shows weak 1013 mb low pressure over central WI with a cold front extending to 1012 mb low pressure along the IA/IL border. The cold front then slices thru central MO to 1010 mb low pressure over the Ozarks in nw AR. Breezy SSW winds with gusts in the 20s at times east of the IL river brought milder low to mid 40s over central and southeast IL this afternoon. Temps had slipped a degree or two to around 40F behind a cold front over Galesburg and Macomb at 3 pm. Clouds had spread into central IL at mid afternoon with MVFR clouds north/nw of Peoria. The weak cold front to press southeast across CWA during tonight, reaching the Wabash river late tonight with SSW winds shifting nw with its passage. The front should pass thru dry with mostly cloudy to cloudy skies pushing into southeast IL into early evening. Very light pcpn passes ne of CWA during this evening and then over southern/sw IL late tonight into Sunday morning as southern stream wx system expands pcpn mainly se of IL on Sunday. More flurries possible just north of CWA on Sunday afternoon with clouds lingering longer from I-74 northeast on Sunday, while clouds decrease sw of I-74 by Sunday afternoon. WNW winds bring a bit cooler air on Sunday. Lows tonight in the upper 20s and lower 30s, mildest in southeast IL. Highs Sunday in the upper 30s and lower 40s, coolest from I-74 ne where clouds linger longer. .LONG TERM...(Sunday night through Saturday) ISSUED AT 330 PM CST Sat Dec 22 2018 Quiet and seasonably cool weather expected over IL from Sunday night thru Mon evening as a chunk of high pressure over the central Rockies drifts into the mid MS river valley by midnight Sunday night, and into eastern KY/TN by sunset Monday. Mostly clear skies Sunday night with lows ranging from the lower 20s from the IL river nw, to the upper 20s in southeast IL. Partly to mostly sunny skies on Monday with highs ranging from around 40F from I-74 ne to the mid 40s over sw CWA and south of I-70. The 12Z forecast models continue to show a weak short wave trof moving quickly eastward into the mid MS river valley by dawn Tue and exiting east of IL Tue afternoon. Brunt of models show some light qpf spreading eastward over IL overnight Mon night into Tue morning, then mostly east/ne of CWA Tue afternoon. Chance of light snow overnight Mon night, with a light mix possible over sw CWA. Then the light mix pcpn transitions into light rain chances from sw to ne during Tue morning, with little snow accumulations from a dusting to less than a half inch from I-55 nw. Lows Mon night mostly in the lower 30s. Highs Tue in the low to mid 40s, coolest from I-74 ne. Dry weather expected Tue night into Wed morning with IL between wx systems. Some light rain chances spread ne over area on Wed afternoon and possible a light mix over sw CWA if it moves in as early as early to mid Wed morning. ECMWF keeps CWA dry Wed morning and like this slower trend. A strong storms systems evolves over the southern Rockies by Wed morning and lifts ne into central KS by noon Thu, and into WI/upper MS river valley Fri morning. Have chances of rain showers Wed afternoon/evening with highs Wed in the 40s. More widespread and heavier rain showers arrive later Wed night thru Thu evening. Continued isolated thunderstorms in southeast IL Thu afternoon into early Thu evening. Mild highs in the 50s on Thursday. Rain chances diminish from west to east overnight Thu night as a dry slot moves in from the sw. Rainfall amounts average 0.75 to 1.25 inches over area from Wed night thru Thu night. Strong storm system moves into the Great Lakes during Fri, with our area getting dry and starting to cool. Highs Fri range from lower 40s nw of the IL river, to the lower 50s in southeast IL and near the IN border. Strong Canadian high pressure nosing sse into the Midwest next Saturday to bring dry and seasonably chilly temps. Highs next Saturday ranging from around 30F over the northern CWA to mid to upper 30s in southeast IL. && .AVIATION...(For the 00Z TAFS through 00Z Sunday evening) Issued at 528 PM CST Sat Dec 22 2018 MVFR cloud deck is across the northwest third of Illinois early this evening, scraping the KPIA area. Am expecting this to edge southward to KBMI by mid evening, but conditions should improve in both areas by late night. Further south, mainly looking at VFR conditions through the period. && .ILX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... NONE. && $$ UPDATE...Geelhart SHORT TERM...07 LONG TERM...07 AVIATION...Geelhart
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Jacksonville FL
825 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 ...COLD AND FROSTY TONIGHT... .UPDATE... Sfc high pressure at 1023 mb was over the northeast Gulf of Mexico this evening and will translate slowly east tonight setting up ideal radiational cooling for the forecast area. Only thin cirrus possible tonight and should have little to no affect on minimum temps. Given light/calm winds and clear skies, temps likely to drop to lower end of guidance. Frost advisory looks good and only made minor tweaks to lower temps a bit for portions of the area. Only pockets of brief freeze inland, thus a freeze warning is not warranted. In addition, model soundings show good potential for fog formation and HRRR suggests patches dense fog near and just west of I-75 so will maintain fog in the going forecast. && .AVIATION... Patchy fog will be possible at VQQ late tonight and may be near GNV but otherwise prevailing VFR through next 24 hrs. && .MARINE... With high pressure to the west, a northerly wind near 10 kt will continue tonight and become variable to light offshore on Sunday. Current forecast on track. Rip Currents: Low risk through Sunday. && .PRELIMINARY POINT TEMPS/POPS... AMG 33 64 44 61 / 0 0 10 10 SSI 39 61 47 61 / 0 0 10 10 JAX 34 65 46 64 / 0 0 0 10 SGJ 39 64 47 64 / 0 0 0 10 GNV 34 66 43 67 / 0 0 0 10 OCF 35 66 43 69 / 0 0 0 10 && .JAX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... FL...Frost Advisory from 2 AM to 9 AM EST Sunday for Alachua-Baker- Bradford-Clay-Columbia-Gilchrist-Hamilton-Inland Duval- Inland Flagler-Inland Nassau-Inland St. Johns-Marion-Putnam- Suwannee-Union. GA...Frost Advisory from 2 AM to 9 AM EST Sunday for Appling-Atkinson- Bacon-Brantley-Charlton-Clinch-Coffee-Echols-Inland Camden- Inland Glynn-Jeff Davis-Pierce-Ware-Wayne. AM...None. && $$ Shashy/Wolf
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Baltimore MD/Washington DC
835 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 .SYNOPSIS... High pressure over the southeastern United States will build northward over the region overnight. An upper level disturbance along with a weak cold front will cross the area late Sunday and Sunday night. High pressure will return on Monday with another weak upper level disturbance passing to our north on Tuesday. High pressure will then return through Thursday before low pressure approaches the area late in the week. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SUNDAY MORNING/... High pressure on the doorstep this evening. Winds have diminished with sunset for most of the area. However, the pressure gradient still clipping northeast Maryland; believe we will have the last gasp of gusty winds through 02Z or perhaps 03Z. Cyclonic flow holding on with regard to cloudcover as well. Night time satellite curves depict solid clouds across the Potomac Highlands and fairly extensive clouds northeast of Baltimore as well. In between, south to about Washington DC, clouds a bit more scattered and showing a hint of breaking apart. This layer depicted in the 00Z LWX RAOB near 850 mb. RAP BUFKIT soundings show that layer breaking apart near 04-05Z, but also show a mid deck approaching overnight between 500-600 mb. So, believe that clear skies across Maryland/eastern West Virginia/northern Virginia may be a bit optimistic. Will be adjusting to be cloudier, however result may still average out to partly cloudy. Temperature forecasts generally on track. If some clouds do hold that will assist in capping radiational cooling overnight. && .SHORT TERM /6 AM SUNDAY MORNING THROUGH MONDAY NIGHT/... Mostly clear and dry conditions the first half of Sunday will transition to increasing cloudiness Sunday afternoon as an upper trough over the TN/OH river valley`s approaches the area. Good PVA and weak low pressure developing along the Appalachians will deliver light precipitation over the Highlands late Sunday afternoon, spreading north and east Sunday night. Models not pegging much QPF east of the Blue Ridge, and what does reach this far east would be of the liquid variety. Rain and snow showers will be possible over the upslope areas and across northern/western MD Sunday night. Minor snow accumulations will possible along the Allegheny Front into early Monday morning. This system will exit stage right Monday morning as high pressure over the TN Valley builds into the region. Gusty west northwest winds will return in the wake of the frontal passage, along with dry conditions. Under decent cold air advection, temperatures Monday and Monday night will return to slightly below normal levels for the latter half of December. && .LONG TERM /TUESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... High pressure remains centered over the region on Tuesday. So, expecting dry and seasonably cool conditions with highs in the low to mid 40s. A weak upper-level shortwave will move across northwestern portions of the CWA late Tuesday, but looks to lack any substantial moisture source. If any precipitation occurs, the best chance would be along the Allegheny Front and northern Maryland. High pressure remains centered over the region on Wednesday and Wednesday night, so expecting dry and seasonably cool weather to continue. This will likely continue into most of Thursday, before a pattern change Thursday night into Friday. High pressure begins to shift offshore late Thursday into Friday, ahead of an approaching surface low pressure system. Warm and moist Gulf of Mexico air will overrun the surface cold air that will be retreating with the high pressure system, bringing the potential for rain again across the region. Will have to watch for possible wintry precipitation at the onset, depending on how much cold air is in place when precipitation arrives. Confidence is low at this time, but given the track of the low and the retreating high, it would appear that the best chance for any wintry precipitation will be well off to the north and west (closer to the Allegheny Highlands). && .AVIATION /01Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... VFR conditions will prevail at the terminals through tonight as gusty northwest winds subside this evening. An upper level disturbance will near the terminals late Sunday and into Sunday night, bringing in light precipitation and lowering CIGs. MRB would serve to see the best chance of sub VFR conditions in a potential rain/snow mix. Further east, confidence decreases in potential for restrictions. High pressure returns over the terminals on Monday with westerly breezes gusting up to 25 knots. High pressure will reside over the terminals Tuesday through Wednesday, with VFR conditions expected. A weak upper level disturbance will pass just north of the area late Tuesday and Tuesday night. A period of light snow or light rain/snow is possible, but confidence is low due to limited moisture. && .MARINE... Have the last gasp of gusty winds at this time as pressure gradient looses control over area. Am hopeful we`ll be able to cancel Small Craft Advisory in the next hour or so (9-10 pm) vs riding it out through 11 pm. A weak pressure gradient will reside over the waters on Sunday as a weak upper level disturbance nears from the west. In the wake of this system, the gradient will increase and SCA conditions likely return to the waters Monday. High pressure returns over the waters on Tuesday and persists through Wednesday with light winds and sub SCA conditions. && .TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING... With northwest flow tides cresting under flood stages this evening...although in DC high tide is under the threshold by a mere inch or two. With freshwater coming down river, will need to monitor the DC sites for a potential Advisory through Sunday evening. No other issues anticipated. && .LWX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... DC...None. MD...None. VA...None. WV...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 11 PM EST this evening for ANZ530>534-537>541-543. && $$ SYNOPSIS...BKF/HTS NEAR TERM...HTS SHORT TERM...BKF LONG TERM...CJL AVIATION...BKF/CJL MARINE...HTS/BKF/CJL TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING...HTS
Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service New York NY
820 PM EST Sat Dec 22 2018 .SYNOPSIS... Deepening low pressure will continue to depart to the northeast across eastern Canada, while high pressure builds in late tonight into Sunday. Weak low pressure will move across Sunday night, followed by a weak Alberta clipper low on Monday. High pressure will then return for Tuesday through Thursday. Another low will approach for the late week. && .NEAR TERM /UNTIL 6 AM SUNDAY MORNING/... On the heels of a departing upper trough, a fast-moving upper flow will send a ridge eastward through Sunday morning with surface high pressure building in from the west. At the same time, deepening low pressure pulls away across eastern Canada. Gusty west winds will gradually diminish through this evening with some gusts up to 30 mph along the coast early. Some adjustments made to sky this eve with stratocu advancing back into NYC. RAP does hold on to these BKN cigs for a few hours before they dissipate so have reflected that in the grids. Further east skies are clearing as expected. Overnight lows will be in the upper 20s to lower 30s, a few degrees above normal. && .SHORT TERM /6 AM SUNDAY MORNING THROUGH SUNDAY NIGHT/... High pressure quickly retreats offshore on Sunday as a clipper low over the Great Lakes drops southeast while a weak southern branch low approaches from the southwest. Models have trended toward enough amplification to draw the southern feature northward for a light precipitation event Sunday night. Before then though, Sunday will feature mostly sunny skies to start with highs in the upper 30s to lower 40s. Mid and high level clouds increase in the afternoon with some light warm advection precipitation breaking out late in the evening through the early morning hours. Primarily rain is forecast at the coast with a transition to all snow across the interior. The upper end of the snowfall forecast would be around an inch across far northern portions of the Lower Hudson Valley and interior SW CT, with lesser amounts to the south. A little wet snow may mix in at the coast toward daybreak. Overnight lows will be in the low to mid 30s Sunday night with a few locations inland near freezing. At this time, hazards are likely to be limited in scope. && .LONG TERM /MONDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/... Upper level shortwave trough passes through the Northeast on Monday bringing light pcpn with it. There could be a brief period of a wintry mix at the coast early in the morning, however temps rising into the upper 30s and lower 40s will result in a changeover to plain rain. Further inland, it should be cold enough for snow before the sun rises, warming temps through the morning will gradually result in a changeover as well. There could be a few tenths of an inch of snow accumulation before the pcpn ends/changes over. This clipper system shifts east by evening with strong high pressure building in at the sfc, quasi zonal flow aloft across the eastern half of the US, through Tue night. An amplified pattern will then develop across the country for the second half of the week as a digging eastern Pacific trough moves onshore, and closes off over the desert southwest by Wed. This will result in rising heights to the east, and dry and seasonable weather through Thu. Models have trended slower with the next system for the end of the week and have reflected that by keeping Thu dry. Cloud cover and chances for pcpn then increase Thu night and continue through Fri as a frontal system over the Mid west lifts through the Great Lakes and Northeast. Pcpn could start as a wintry mix, eventually changing over to plain rain with an increasing southerly flow, however it is too far out in time to determine these details. && .AVIATION /01Z SUNDAY THROUGH THURSDAY/... Behind the cold front, there will be high pressure slowly building west of the region. VFR conditions expected through the TAF period with gusty WNW flow subsiding tonight into Sunday. WNW winds of near 20kt gusting to near 30 kt into the early evening decrease to 15-20 kt mid to late this evening with some gusts to 25 kt, before gusts diminish altogether overnight into Sunday. Winds on Sunday will be west near 10 kt. .OUTLOOK FOR 00Z MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY... .Sunday night...MVFR conds possible with any rain or snow that falls. Brief IFR possible with snow. .Monday...MVFR possible in any rain or snow. Brief IFR possible with snow. NW wind G20-25KT, mainly in the afternoon. .Monday night...NW winds G15-20KT. .Tuesday through Thursday...VFR. && .MARINE... Converted gale warning to SCA on the ocean with wind gusts mostly below 35 kt. There could be a few ocnl gusts to 35 kt this evening, especially out east ocean waters. Otherwise, SCA conditions will subside through the night as high pressure builds in from the west and low pressure departs across eastern Canada. SCA seas will likely linger on the ocean waters into Sunday aftn, especially east. The combination of a tightening pressure gradient and CAA is expected to bring a return to SCA conditions on the water Monday/Monday night. Winds and seas may linger on the ocean waters into Tue. Then a prolonged period of tranquil conds are expected as high pres builds into the area through Thu. && .HYDROLOGY... No significant precipitation is forecast today through the middle of next week. && .EQUIPMENT... NYC Central Park winds are out of service until further notice. Loss of data is due to a severed cable. Parts are on order. NYC NOAA Weather Radio Station KWO35 (162.55 MHz) will remain off the air for an extended period of time. && .OKX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES... CT...None. NY...None. NJ...None. MARINE...Small Craft Advisory until 1 AM EST Sunday for ANZ330-335-338- 340-345. Small Craft Advisory until 5 PM EST Sunday for ANZ350-353. Small Craft Advisory until 6 AM EST Sunday for ANZ355. && $$ SYNOPSIS...24/DW NEAR TERM...DW SHORT TERM...DW LONG TERM...24 AVIATION...Goodman MARINE...24/DW HYDROLOGY...24/DW EQUIPMENT...